How To Use Water Heater – A Comprehensive Expert’s Guide


With a constant supply of hot water for uses like bathing, cleaning, and cooking, a water heater is necessary for most homes. However, many people might need to learn how to use a water heater properly or might have concerns about the safety and maintenance of one.

In this blog post, we’ll give you a thorough tutorial on using a water heater, covering the various types of water heaters, their features, and how to use them effectively and safely. Whether you’re a first-time water heater user or want to improve your knowledge of this vital appliance, this post will give you all the information you need to know.

How Many Different Kinds Of Water Heaters Are There In India?

India’s market offers a wide selection of water heaters to suit various needs in terms of price, size, and heating style. Understanding the various types of water heaters on the market is crucial for helping you make an informed choice when purchasing one. 

In India, the following are the most typical kinds of water heaters:

Storage Water Heaters: 

The most common water heater in India is a storage water heater. These heaters have a tank that stores hot water and heats the water using a heating element powered by electricity or gas.

There are various sizes of storage water heaters, from tiny ones for a single user to huge tanks for larger households. One advantage of storage water heaters is that they offer a steady hot water supply, making them perfect for larger families.

How To Use A Water Heater

Instant Water Heaters: 

Tankless water heaters, also called instantaneous water heaters, are gaining popularity in India. These heaters don’t require a storage tank because they heat the water as needed.

Because they are typically compact and small, instant water heaters are perfect for smaller homes or apartments with constrained space. The main benefit of instant water heaters is that they can reduce energy costs and lower your monthly electric bill.

Solar Water Heaters: 

Solar water heaters are an economical and environmentally friendly way to heat water in India because of the country’s abundant sunlight.

These heaters heat water in a storage tank by absorbing sunlight through solar panels and converting it to heat energy. Solar water heaters can substantially lower your energy costs, mainly if you live in an area with lots of sunshine.

Gas Water Heaters: 

Gas water heaters are another popular type of water heater in India. The water in a storage tank is heated using one of these heaters and either natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG).

Gas water heaters are energy-efficient and provide hot water quickly. However, they require proper ventilation and may not be suitable for households with limited space.

It’s crucial to consider aspects like your budget, hot water usage, and available space when selecting a water heater. Choosing a water heater from a reputable brand that complies with Indian safety standards and has the necessary certifications is also essential.

To ensure you select the best heater for your needs, do your homework on various models and seek professional advice before purchasing.

How To Install A Water Heater Correctly In Your Home?

A water heater must be installed correctly to guarantee safety and optimal performance. Although installing a heater may be difficult, it is quite simple if you have the right equipment and knowledge. 

Here are the procedures for setting up a water heater correctly in your house:

Step 1: Choose the Right Location.

Select the location for the installation of the water heater before doing so. The area needs good ventilation, be simple to maintain, and be close to a power source. In addition, make sure the location can support the weight of the water heater by taking that into account.

Step 2: Turn Off the Power and Water Supply.

Turn off the electricity and water supply to where the heater will be installed before starting installation. To avoid any mishaps or injuries during installation, it’s essential to do this.

Step 3: Prepare the Installation Site.

Ensure the surface is level and remove any debris or obstacles from the installation site. A drip pan should be installed underneath the water heater to stop water damage in case of a leak.

Step 4: Install the Water Heater.

The installation procedure may change depending on the type of heater. Make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure proper installation carefully. Installation typically entails mounting the heater, filling it with water, and connecting the pipes and electrical connections.

Step 5: Connect the Water Supply. 

As you attach the water supply to the heater, ensure all connections are secure and leak-free. Turn on the water supply and check for any leaks.

Step 6: Turn on the Power. 

If you have an electric water heater, ensure the thermostat is set to the desired temperature and turn on the power source. Turn on the gas supply for gas water heaters and light the pilot according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Step 7: Test the Water Heater. 

Test the water heater by turning on the hot water faucet after it has been installed and connected to the power and water supply. Verify that the water is at the desired temperature and that there are no leaks or other problems.

Safe Operation Guidelines For Indian Water Heaters:

In most Indian households, water heaters are necessary because they supply hot water for daily needs. However, they can also be potentially dangerous if improperly used and maintained. It is essential to use water heaters with safe operating procedures to ensure safety. 

Here are some pointers for using a water heater in India safely:

Follow the Manufacturer’s Instructions:

Please read the manufacturer’s instructions carefully and adhere to them before using your water heater. Important safety information and guidelines for using the water heater are provided in the instructions.

Set the Temperature Correctly:

Set the water heater’s temperature to the recommended range, typically 48–60°C (120–140°F). Scalding risks can increase with higher temperatures, while bacterial growth in the tank can increase with lower temperatures.

Ventilate Properly: 

Make sure there is adequate ventilation in the vicinity of the water heater. When fuel is burned, carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas, is produced by gas water heaters. Carbon monoxide accumulation can be prevented with adequate ventilation.

Install Properly: 

For a water heater to operate safely, installation must be done correctly. Make particular a qualified technician installs the heater and that all electrical and plumbing connections are securely fastened.

Use a Timer: 

A timer can help you save energy and lessen the chance that the water will become too hot. The water heater should be turned on by the timer a few minutes before you need hot water, and it should be turned off a similar amount of time after you are done using hot water.

Check for Leaks: 

Look for leaks or other damage indicators on the heater. Leaks should be immediately fixed because they may indicate an issue with the tank or the plumbing connections.

Turn Off the Power When Not in Use: 

To conserve energy and avoid accidents or malfunctions, turn off the gas or electricity supply when unused.

Maintain the Water Heater: 

The water heater can operate safely and effectively with regular maintenance. The anode rod should be checked and replaced if necessary, and the tank should be regularly flushed to remove sediment buildup.

Tips for Maintaining Your Water Heater to Ensure Optimal Performance

A water heater is essential in most Indian homes because it provides hot water for daily needs. It needs routine maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity, just like all appliances. 

Here are some pointers for keeping your heater in good condition:

Flush the Tank:

Over time, sediment accumulation in the tank may lower the water heater’s effectiveness. Flush the tank frequently to avoid this. To do this, shut off the gas or electricity, then attach a hose to the tank’s drain valve. The water should run clear after you open the valve and let it drain.

Check the Anode Rod: 

The anode rod is a sacrificial metal rod to prevent corrosion in the tank. The anode rod’s effectiveness may decline with time due to pollution. Annually inspect the anode rod and replace it if required.

Inspect the Tank: 

Check the tank frequently for indications of damage, such as cracks or leaks. Any damage could jeopardise the performance and safety of the tank. If you see any damage, have the tank repaired or replaced by a professional.

Check the Pressure Relief Valve:

An essential safety component of the heater is the pressure relief valve. To stop the tank from blowing up, it releases extra pressure. Every year, make sure the valve is operating correctly by checking it.

Check the Plumbing Connections: 

Check the plumbing connections frequently to ensure they are secure and leak-free. Leaks can harm property with water and lessen the water heater’s effectiveness.

Use a Water Softener: 

Hard water can result in mineral buildup in the tank, lowering the water heater’s effectiveness. Use a water softener as a possible solution to avoid this.

Insulate the Tank: 

The tank can be made more efficient, and its heat loss can be decreased by insulating it. Utilise a jacket or blanket made for insulation intended for water heaters.

Have it Serviced Annually:

Annual professional maintenance on your water heater is a must. A professional can find and handle any potential problems before they develop into serious ones.

Maintaining your water heater for optimum performance and longevity is crucial. These recommendations will help you keep your water heater operating safely and effectively for many years.


In most Indian households, water heaters are necessary because they supply hot water for daily needs. Adherence to proper installation and safe operating procedures is essential to guarantee water heaters’ safe and effective operation. The longevity and best performance of the water heater can also be secured with routine maintenance.

You can keep your heater operating effectively and safely for years by adhering to the advice offered in this article, such as flushing the tank, checking the anode rod, inspecting the tank for damage, and maintaining the temperature. 

Always abide by the manufacturer’s instructions and have your heater serviced by a professional every year. You can enjoy hot water for all your daily needs without any concerns with proper installation, safe operating procedures, and routine maintenance.

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