Electricity Consumed By Refrigerators – Minimizing Power Usage


One of the essential home appliances we use daily is the refrigerator. They assist in keeping our food fresh and preventing it from going bad, ensuring that we have access to wholesome meals.

But refrigerators also use a lot of electricity, which adds to the cost of our energy bills each month. As a result, it’s critical to comprehend how much energy your refrigerator uses each day to make wise choices about your energy usage and possibly lower your bills.

This article will examine refrigerators’ daily average electricity consumption and the variables that can impact this figure.

How Many Units Of Electricity Is Consumed By Refrigerators Per Day

What Affects The Power Use Of A Fridge?

The amount of electricity consumed by refrigerators uses depends on several variables.  Some of the most crucial things to think about are listed below:

  1. Model and age: Newer, more energy-efficient refrigerator models use less energy than older, less efficient models. Consider replacing your refrigerator with a newer, more energy-efficient model if it is over ten years old.
  2. Size: The size of your refrigerator can impact how much energy it uses. Since larger refrigerators need more power to cool a larger volume of food, they typically use more energy than smaller ones.
  3. Temperature Setting: The temperature you choose for your refrigerator can also impact how much energy it uses. The power your refrigerator requires to maintain a given temperature increases as the temperature gets colder.
  4. Frequency of Use: How frequently you open and shut your refrigerator can impact how much energy it uses. The refrigerator door will use more power to maintain the interior temperature the more you open and close it.
  5. Location: Your refrigerator’s energy use may be impacted by its location in your house. Your refrigerator must work harder to maintain the desired temperature if placed in a hot, humid area like a kitchen with direct sunlight.
  6. Maintenance: Proper maintenance is essential to ensure your refrigerator operates at its peak energy efficiency. A fridge can use more energy than one that is clean and well-maintained, whether dirty or poorly maintained.
  7. Energy Efficiency Rating: Your refrigerator’s energy efficiency rating should also be considered. Look for refrigerators with a high energy efficiency rating, as these models are designed to use less energy and can save you money on your energy bills over time.

Considering these factors, you can use your refrigerator more efficiently and lower energy costs. For instance, consider upgrading to a newer, more efficient model or changing the refrigerator’s temperature setting to something slightly warmer.

To ensure maximum energy efficiency, you can also ensure that your refrigerator is properly maintained and placed in a cool, shaded area of your house.

How To Calculate electricity consumed by Refrigerators?

You can estimate your electricity consumed by refrigerators and related costs by determining how much power it uses. Here are the steps to determine how much energy your refrigerator uses:

  1. Determine the wattage rating of the refrigerator: The owner’s manual or a label inside the fridge will typically have the wattage rating of your refrigerator. Watts (W) generally are used to express it.
  2. Determine the daily operating hours: Your refrigerator may run for fewer or more hours each day, depending on the temperature setting, how often you use it, and the size of the appliance. A typical estimate is 8 to 10 hours daily, but you can change this based on your usage patterns.
  3. Calculate the daily energy consumption: To determine how much energy your refrigerator uses daily, multiply its wattage rating by the hours it uses daily. For instance, the daily energy consumption of a fridge with a wattage rating of 100 W and a daily operating time of 10 hours would be 100 x 10 = 1000 watt-hours (Wh).
  4. Convert watt-hours to kilowatt-hours: Kilowatt-hours (kWh) are the more common unit of measurement for energy consumption. Divide the number of watt-hours by 1000 to convert them to kilowatt-hours. In the example above, 1 kWh (1000 Wh / 1000) of energy would be consumed daily.
  5. Calculate the cost and monthly energy usage: By dividing the daily energy consumption by the number of days in the month, you can calculate the refrigerator’s monthly energy usage. Your refrigerator’s estimated monthly energy consumption is 1 x 30 = 30 kWh if it uses 1 kWh daily. The monthly energy consumption should be multiplied by your electricity rate per kWh to understand the cost. For instance, if your electricity costs $0.15 per kWh, your monthly estimated cost would be 30 x $0.15, or $4.50.

It’s critical to remember that the calculations above are estimates and may change depending on several variables. However, by calculating your refrigerator’s power use, you can better understand its energy consumption and take steps to reduce your energy bills.

For example, consider upgrading to a more energy-efficient model, adjusting the temperature settings, or reducing the frequency of use to reduce energy consumption.

How Much Power Does An Average Refrigerator Consume?

Several variables, including the refrigerator’s size and age, temperature setting, and usage patterns, can affect how much power an average refrigerator uses. However, the daily energy use of a typical refrigerator is around 725 watts.

This translates to an average monthly energy consumption of about 217.5 kilowatt-hours (kWh) per month. This can change based on your unique usage habits and electricity prices, but it gives a broad idea of how much energy an average refrigerator uses.

It’s important to note that newer, more energy-efficient refrigerators use less energy than older models. Switching to a unique model with a high energy efficiency rating can significantly decrease your refrigerator’s power consumption and related costs.

Additionally, changing the temperature setting and cutting back on usage frequency can both aid in lowering energy consumption. A refrigerator should be set to 37 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit, while a freezer should be kept at 0 degrees.

A full fridge and freezer can also help you use less energy because the stored food can keep the interior at a constant temperature without the fridge working as hard.

Power-Saving Tips For Refrigerators:

Modern homes require refrigerators but can also be among the energy hogs. Here are some recommendations for lowering power consumption and conserving energy with your refrigerator:

  1. Pick a model with less energy: When shopping for a new refrigerator, look for models with high energy efficiency ratings. These models are built to use less energy while still performing their best at cooling.
  2. Maintain a healthy supply in your refrigerator: A refrigerator with a healthy supply will be able to maintain the temperature inside without having to work as hard, resulting in less energy being used. Avoid overcrowding the refrigerator, though, as this can obstruct airflow and lessen cooling effectiveness.
  3. Correctly set the temperature: A fridge will work harder and use more energy if the temperature is too low. A refrigerator should be set to 37 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit, while a freezer should be kept at 0 degrees.
  4. Clean the condenser coils frequently: Your refrigerator’s condenser coils remove heat from the appliance. Over time, these coils can become coated with dust and dirt, which can reduce cooling efficiency and cause the fridge to work harder. Regularly cleaning the coils can improve cooling efficiency and reduce energy consumption.
  5. Keep the fridge away from heat sources: Your refrigerator may work harder to maintain the internal temperature if placed close to heat sources like ovens or direct sunlight. To save energy, keep your refrigerator in an excellent, shaded location.
  6. Avoid opening the fridge unnecessarily: Every time you open the refrigerator, cool air escapes, and warm air enters, which can cause the fridge to work harder to maintain the internal temperature. Avoid opening the refrigerator unnecessarily, and try to remove everything you need in one go.
  7. Utilise energy-saving features: Many contemporary refrigerators have automatic defrosting, which can aid in lowering energy consumption. Take advantage of these features to reduce your energy costs.

Implementing these suggestions can significantly lower your refrigerator’s power consumption and related costs. You can take numerous easy steps to save energy and lessen your carbon footprint, from picking an energy-efficient model to routine maintenance and adjusting the temperature settings.


You can save money on your energy bills and help create a more sustainable future by being aware of how much energy your refrigerator uses and taking steps to reduce it.

You can significantly lower the power consumption of your refrigerator by heeding straightforward advice like selecting an energy-efficient model, keeping the fridge stocked, setting the temperature appropriately, routinely cleaning the condenser coils, and avoiding unnecessary openings. 

It’s critical to remember that even minor adjustments to your daily routine can significantly impact your ability to reduce your carbon footprint and protect the environment for future generations. So, take action today to save energy and money and protect the environment.

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